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From 395 BC to 387 BC, the Corinthian War involved a handful of ancient Greek city-states, including the mighty Spartans and the popular Athenians. According to the terms of this peace treaty: In a general peace conference at Sparta, the Spartans, with their authority enhanced by the threat of Persian intervention, secured the acquiescence of all the major states of Greece to these terms. The next major action of the war took place at sea, where both the Persians and the Spartans had assembled large fleets during Agesilaus's campaign in Asia. ), armed conflict between Corinth, Argos, Thebes, and Athens on one side and Sparta on the other. During the battle, Iphicrates took advantage of the Spartans' lack of peltasts to repeatedly harass the regiment with hit-and-run attacks, wearing the Spartans down until they broke and ran, at which point a number of them were slaughtered. Despite the collaborative nature of the victory, Sparta alone received the plunder taken from the defeated states and the tribute payments from the former Athenian Empire. [27] This was the first time in 90 years, since the Greco-Persian Wars, that the Achaemenid fleet was going so far west. As … With Agesilaus at the head of the state, advocating for an aggressive policy, the Spartans campaigned from the Peloponnese to the distant Chalcidic peninsula. Overall, a group of four city-states decided to build a coalition (Thebes, Corinth, Athens, and Argos) so that they could defeat Sparta. It is said he wryly observed, but for ten thousand Persian "archers", he would have vanquished all Asia. Fichier: PDF, 20,03 MB. After a brief engagement between Thebes and Phocis, in which Thebes was victorious, the allies gathered a large army at Corinth. [50], The Spartans then sent Teleutias to Aegina to command the fleet there. [27] Pharnabazus dispatched Conon with substantial funds and a large part of the fleet to Attica, where he joined in the rebuilding of the long walls from Athens to Piraeus, a project that had been initiated by Thrasybulus in 394 BC. The King's Peace, also known as the Peace of Antalcidas, was signed in 387 BC, ending the war. Prévisualiser. Editeur:: Cornell University Press. Athens against Sparta. The grand alliance was remarkable for combining traditional enemies in a united campaign against Spartan supremacy. Seeing that the rest of their force had been defeated, the Thebans formed up to break back through to their camp. The war was fought on two fronts, on land near Corinth (hence the name) and Thebes and at sea in the Aegean. The deeper cause was hostility towards Sparta, provoked by that city's "expansionism in Asia Minor, central and northern Greece and even the west". Military conflicts similar to or like Corinthian War Ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states, Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos, backed by the Achaemenid Empire. At sea, the Spartan fleet was decisively defeated early in the war by an Achaemenid fleet allied with Athens, an event that effectively ended Sparta's attempts to become a naval power. Charles Anthon, L.L.D. [39] The border stones between Argos and Corinth were torn down, and the citizen bodies of the two cities were merged. A Classical Dictionary. [19], Alarmed by these developments, the Spartans prepared to send out an army against this new alliance, and sent a messenger to Agesilaus ordering him to return to Greece. 264 BCE to 241 BCE. Wars of Alexander the Great. Agesilaus returned home shortly after these events, but Iphicrates continued to campaign around Corinth, recapturing many of the strong points which the Spartans had previously taken, although he was unable to retake Lechaeum. The Athenians learned of this, and sent Conon and several others to present their case to the Persians; they also notified their allies, and Argos, Corinth, and Thebes dispatched embassies to Tiribazus. Persia, freed of both Athenian and Spartan interference in its Asian provinces, consolidated its hold over the eastern Aegean and captured both Egypt and Cyprus by 380 BC. Agesilaus met their force head on, and in the struggle that followed a number of Thebans were killed before the remainder were able to force their way through and rejoin their allies. Amongst the most influential people in Sparta were Lysander, the adm… [27] This strategy to threaten Sparta had already been recommended, in vain, by the exiled Spartan Demaratus to Xerxes I in 480 BC. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states; Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos; which were initially backed by Persia.The immediate cause of the war was a local conflict in northwest Greece in which both Thebes and Sparta intervened. Ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, Initial fighting: Battle of Haliartus (395 BC), Achaemenid naval campaign and assistance to Athens (393 BC), "Persian coins were stamped with the figure of an archer, and Agesilaus said, as he was breaking camp, that the King was driving him out of Asia with ten thousand "archers"; for so much money had been sent to Athens and Thebes and distributed among the popular leaders there, and as a consequence those people made war upon the Spartans" Plutarch 15-1-6 in. While still on Lesbos, however, Thrasybulus was killed by raiders from the city of Aspendus. The Corinthian War followed the Peloponnesian War 431–404 BC, in which Sparta had achieved hegemony over Athens and its allies. After initial difficulties in coming to grips with the Acarnanians, who kept to the mountains and avoided engaging him directly, Agesilaus was eventually able to draw them into a pitched battle, in which the Acarnanians were routed and lost a number of men. Xenophon in his Hellenica gives a vivid contemporary account of this endeavour: Conon said that if he (Pharnabazus) would allow him to have the fleet, he would maintain it by contributions from the islands and would meanwhile put in at Athens and aid the Athenians in rebuilding their long walls and the wall around Piraeus, adding that he knew nothing could be a heavier blow to the Lacedaemonians than this. The Athenians, mindful of their similar defeat in the Peloponnesian War less than two decades before, were ready to make peace.[53]. Disloyal allies were sharply punished—Mantinea, for instance, was broken up into five component villages. Catégories: History. The coalition states had been unable to defeat the Spartan phalanx in the field, but had kept their alliance strong and prevented the Spartans from moving at will through central Greece. [43], In 388 BC, Agesipolis led a Spartan army against Argos. Veuillez d'abord vous connecter à votre compte ; Avez-vous besoin d'aide? After picking up more ships at Samos, Teleutias took command at Cnidus and commenced operations against Rhodes. In the Peloponnesian War, which had ended in 404 BC, Sparta had enjoyed the support of nearly every mainland Greek state and the Persian Empire, and in the months and years following that war, a number of the island states of the Aegean had come under its control. Following this victory, Conon and Pharnabazus sailed along the coast of Ionia, expelling Spartan governors and garrisons from the cities, although they failed to reduce the Spartan bases at Abydos and Sestos under the command of Dercylidas.[25]. This war, called the Corinthian War (395–386) because much of it took place on Corinthian territory, was fought against Sparta by a coalition of Athens (with help from Persia), Boeotia, Corinth, and Argos. Other articles where Corinthian War is discussed: ancient Greek civilization: The Corinthian War: The restored Athenian democracy may have been less democratic in certain respects than that of the 5th century, but it was no less suspicious of, and hostile to, Sparta. Soon afterward east to Rhodes but it was eventually blockaded at Abydos by the Argives launched... Dead under a truce, and withdrew after several months Iphicrates 's victories Corinth... 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