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The Ramu Valley would have been an important conduit linking the coastal and inland regions when the sea existed. The research team’s innovative multidimensional approach, linked to strong underlying neural theory, should provide new theory-based understanding of psychopathic individuals’ motivational processes in the community determining which they share and which they do not with those with substantial criminal histories. Global Behaviour of Nonlinear Dispersive Partial Differential Equations $300,000. Read about highlighted projects and announcements for each funding round Search Marsden awards 2008–2017. Evidence of Austronesian occupation through pottery manufacture is now known to exist in the Sepik basin and coastal regions with pottery being moved from these two regions into the interior of New Guinea. This project will address this problem for important model equations in mathematical physics (in particular nonlinear Dirac and Zakharov systems) by developing new multilinear restriction estimates. About Gary Marsden Deputy Vice … Dr Gosling says the multi-disciplinary team aims to understand how there could have been historical benefits of genetic variants that now cause disease, which will provide insight into the prevalence of metabolic disease in Pacific populations. For example, for a pattern of disease cases the first component would relate to the variation in underlying population density while the latter could represent infectious transmission. $85m awarded in Marsden Fund grants – In the News. How the transition to these drug-tolerant states is regulated remains unknown. Almost nothing is known about the social context and practice of OMC in New Zealand (NZ). In New Zealand, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of premature death and disease burden and major sources of health inequities for Māori, Pacific, and Asian populations due to socio-economic, cultural and health system factors. 101 science teams from across the country are to receive support from the almost $56 million available in grants from prestigious The Marsden Fund. Generating genomic data for commensal species will allow us to answer specific questions with the most appropriate data. Understanding the global in time behaviour of nonlinear dispersive partial differential equations is a major open problem. They will study the organisation dynamics and explore if the striped phase realises an elusive supersolid state of matter. Read the complete Marsden Fund list here Recent evidence suggests it can also influence healing and regeneration in vertebrates. This is notoriously difficult because of a lack of identifiability: in most current models the two competing representations of spatial variation yield identical predictions, and therefore cannot be distinguished even with unlimited data. A well-established Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory has led to predictions of excessive approach and insufficient withdrawal (fear) activation in psychopathy. A fundamental task, with critical practical consequences, is to separate these components in the analysis of any given pattern. The number of award recipients and the maximum fund for each recipient are decided by the deciding committee based on the application review. As a result, the brains of birds contain as much as twice as many neurons as that of primates of the same mass. Professor Merriman says he is delighted to receive the $3 million (excluding GST) award over three years. This battleground for genetic supremacy is further complicated by the role of kin selection whereby closely related co-occurring hairworms may sacrifice their own survival for that of a close relative. Controlling invasive species, at a cost of NZ$1.4 billion annually, depends upon ongoing public awareness and support. We aim to test the hypothesis that the pituitary hormone prolactin, which we have recently shown is critical for maternal behaviour, has an analogous function in the male. Working closely with the only experiment able to produce binary magnetic gases, they will help usher in a new era of exciting physics. It starts with a quantitative content analysis of OMC campaigns – to find out the ‘who’, ‘what’ and ‘why’, considering how this relates to New Zealand’s healthcare system and social structure. In this way the long time and distance scales become accessible to numerical treatments. However, Dr Brown’s analysis of new genome-wide data, and preliminary experimental data strongly suggest that transcription also terminates via one or more novel mechanisms. Recent theoretical research suggests that mis-interactions place major limits on protein and RNA sequence evolution, and selects for sequences that can avoid mis-interactions while still maintaining function. There were over 1200 applications for support - the highest recorded in the fund's 20-year history. The Longitudinal Study of Cohesion and Conflict: Testing Hypotheses of Social and Religious Change in Fiji $300,000. Correct termination of transcription is a critical step in gene expression. Funding is for three years and the amount of funding is flexible, depending on project needs. It is our task to assess this link. We will also determine if sleep loss changes energy balance through promoting more sedentary behaviour and less physical activity (7-day actigraphy/motion sensor). They will address crucial gaps in knowledge of the assembly of fruiting bodies and will improve understanding of convergent evolution within ecologically relevant organisms. Exploring the epigenetic mechanisms by which maternal nutrition and metabolism influence prenatal development $960,000. This recruitment is key – although psychopathy overtly involves flagrant violations of societal rules and often leads to incarceration, most psychopathic individuals operate within our communities, frequently creating hostile work environments, as well as major emotional distress, and financial hardship for those in their wake. From my own experience, I know the transformative effect that the peer recognition and funding that are associated with being a Marsden Fund recipient can have. Marsden fund recipient Professor Peter Adams from the Centre for Addiction Research plans to look closely at the power of industries like tobacco and alcohol to influence policy makers. This “affirmative consent” model — only yes means yes, rather than no means no — has been adopted in a number of jurisdictions, and is gaining increased support, in light of anti-coercion/harassment cultural movements such as #MeToo, as a means of protecting sexual autonomy. It was documented in 1927 that whai knowledge and practice was suffering significant loss. However, exactly how parasites fit within the classical food web structure is poorly understood; what is their “true” trophic position, and is energy assimilation from their hosts greater than the relatively inefficient transfer between non-parasitic species? How to be reimbursed All the subsistence up to the maximum fund for the award recipient set by the committee is reimbursed by receipts and following ACM processes for reimbursement. This sets the scene for a series of in-depth case studies, highlighting the lived experience of campaigners, and a set of interviews with people who have recently viewed or donated to OMC campaigns. Pandemic, Pasifika health and asthma research among Massey's Marsden successes Clockwise from top left: Professor Joachim Brand, Professor Murray Cox, Professor Jeroen Douwes, Dr Andrea Clavijo-McCormick, Dr Katherine Holt, Dr Wesley Webb, Professor Mick Roberts, Dr Ridvan Firestone, Dr Rochelle Stewart-Withers and Dr Nikki Freed. From the University’s initial 166 proposals, it had a success rate of 16 percent, compared with a national rate of 11.5 percent. Their theory will predict a novel liquid-like droplet state and an exotic striped state. Collectively, this data will advance the understanding of the pathways by which sleep loss may change eating behaviours and appetite in children, leading to a cascade of effects on food choices, energy intake and weight gain. Have you ever wondered why your sibling has a disease and you do not? 11 Turnbull StThorndon, Wellington 6011Aotearoa - New Zealand, © 2021 - Royal Society of New Zealand Te Apārangi, Supporting international research collaboration, President's Address 2019 on redefining research excellence, Te Takarangi: Celebrating Māori publications with Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga, Climate change mitigation options for New Zealand, Climate change implications for New Zealand. Their investigations in the ultracold domain will provide new insight into how more complex chemical reactions can be probed and controlled. Most computer-vision software is based on the architecture of the primate visual system. The origins of the Lapita people, and their interactions with other people in the Pacific, remain unclear. New Zealand’s top researchers have been awarded $84.6 million in grants through the 2017 Marsden Fund investment round, Research, Science and Innovation Minister Megan Woods announced today. Despite recent publication of genomic data from ancient humans in this region, a number of questions about the settlement and interactions in the Pacific remain. They will test this hypothesis by identifying and characterising subcellular compartments from organisms covering a broad range of genome sizes and subcellular complexities. Read about highlighted projects and announcements for each funding round, Search awarded Marsden Fund grants 2008–2017, General enquiries: +64 4 472 7421 | enquiries@royalsociety.org.nz | PO Box 598, Wellington 6140. The Marsden Fund (the Fund), established in 1995, invests in excellent investigator-led research. So why does one brother develop gout and not the other? This can be time consuming and expensive, with potential for misdiagnosis. Existing datasets cannot settle these enduring debates. $945,000. A central focus is the role of ‘moral emotions’ (e.g. Principal investigators, Professors Tony Merriman and Lisa Matisoo-Smith and Dr Anna Gosling from Otago join Associate Professor Frank Camacho from the University of Guam and Dr Paul Pumuye … Interestingly, the avian visual system is architecturally different from that of primates in that it is based on clustering rather than layering of neurons. New Zealand, AskOtagoPātai ki Otāgo Based on preliminary data on this tumour-specific molecule, they hypothesise that lncTNBC1 acts by binding to other RNA molecules in the cell, thereby modulating protein synthesis of essential cell growth regulators. Dissemination of findings will involve local communities in applied policy recommendations. How to be reimbursed. Such data arise in myriad areas, as diverse as epidemiology, ecology, and archaeology. The expansion of Austronesian speakers across one third of the world’s surface began out of Asia some 4000 years ago, ending in New Zealand 800 years ago. The ecology diversification: do processes that promote and constrain diversification operate along different niche axes? Here the team study chemical reactions without any blurring: they prepare the reactants in specific quantum states and collide them at distinct and extremely well-defined energies. Bacteria can have genomes as tiny as 160 kilobases, whereas some plant genomes are as mighty as 150 gigabases. “Through this Fund, the recipients will undertake research of the highest quality in their fields of expertise and raise the standard of research in New Zealand. “The Marsden Fund supports our top researchers to conduct excellent research across science, mathematics, engineering, social science and the humanities,” says Dr Woods. In this research Professor Lovelock’s team explore these questions, investigating, within communities, the level of tolerance for invasive species and the level of support for their control. Epigenetic marks are removed or added to genes in response to environmental factors, changing the way these genes are controlled. The hyperuricaemic phenotype, a common factor in metabolic disease, may have evolved in Pacific ancestors as a protection against malaria,” Professor Merriman explains. Major gaps still remain, particularly on the island of New Guinea where there is a consensus that Austronesian speakers bypassed it on their way to Remote Oceania. Published datasets, data analysis scripts, and data visualisations will furnish an enduring and fully open scholarly resource; five peer-reviewed articles in high impact journals, four conference presentations, a workshop, and a new methodological textbook will advance a pioneering quantitative approach to the ethnographic study of cultures among the next generation of social researchers. Search awarded Marsden Fund grants 2008–2017. Some bacteria cannot perform respiration on their own, only doing so with the help of another bacterium. Meet Marsden 25 recipient Associate Professor Nick Golledge, from the Antarctic Research Centre at Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington. Gout flares are a consequence of the innate immune system (your first defence against infection) inappropriately reacting to non-threatening environmental cues. Computer vision is part of our daily life, and saves lives by detecting hazards in industrial workplaces and reducing or eliminating human errors in demanding tasks, such as driving vehicles. Sleep loss in children: perchance to eat? Identification of shared genetic pathways can reveal mechanisms underlying development of complex structures. Provides executive support to the topic, with an overall ethnographic lens occurs throughout.. Of interest is called a spatial point process data $ 705,000 to transition from small to large numbers genes! Sympathy, pity, or contempt ) on social media, and harmonic analysis communities learning with equity $... Omc ) is an integral part of epigenetic programming an auto-inflammatory arthritis characterised by sudden flares extreme... Distance scales become accessible to numerical treatments drug resistance in cancer was once thought to be tested about the driving! Research, they will monitor the effects of maternal vitamin C status on epigenetic. 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